Friday Naseeha – No 1

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Friday Surah Al-Kahf Reflection..::..

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As human beings we must be prepared to face tests every day in different ways.
Sometimes we are tested with being strangers for practicing our faith like the people of the cave.
Sometimes we are tested with wealth and success like the man with the two gardens
Sometimes we are tested with calamities that we don’t understand like the people in the story of Musa and Al-Khidr..And sometimes we are tested with power and authority like Dhul Qarnayn.

Whatever the test is, focus on the goal: the pleasure of Allah and eternal Paradise and work towards it.

-Abu Muawiyah Ismail Kamdar

Jummah

Alhamdulillâh… another Jumuah (Friday) – The weekly blessing from Allâh Ta’alaa – is coming again! Are you waiting for this day? Don’t pass the day without doing many good deeds & get Rewards!

Here are the sunnahs you can do today:►► [REMINDER]
1 – Praying Fajr in congregation [al-Bayhaqi, classed as saheeh by al-Albaani, 1119]

2 – Before and during Salaat al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer):

  • Bathing on the day of Jumuah [Bukhari & Muslim: #1951 & #977]
  • Going early to Jumuah prayer [Bukhari & Muslim: #929 & #1964]
  • Walks to Jumu’ah prayer [al-Tirmidhi, 496]
  • Listening attentively to the Jumu’ah Khutbah (Sermon) [al-Bukhaari (934) & Muslim (851)]

3 – Seeking the hour of having one’s prayer answered on Jumuah day [Bukhari & Muslim: #935 & #1969]

4 – Reading Surah Al-Kahf [al-Haakim, 2/399; al-Bayhaqi, 3/249]
5 – Sends blessing on the Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) [Ibn Majah, #1085); Abū Dawūd, #1047]

Jummah Prayer


JUMAH (FRIDAY PRAYER)

IMPORTANCE OF ATTENDING FRIDAY PRAYER

Friday Prayer is very important in Islam. It has got its own moral, social and political benefits. It is obligatory for every Muslim except women, children, seriously ill people and travelers. They canpray Jumah but it is not obligatory on them.

Prophet Muhammad (saw) has given a strong warning to a person who leaves his Jumah prayer without a good reason. In one hadith Abdullah bin Masud (ra) narrates what the Messenger of Allah (saw) once said about the people who did not come to the Friday Prayer without a good reason.

“I wish to appoint someone to lead the prayer and myself go to the houses of those who missed the Friday Prayer and set fire to their houses with the occupants in them.” (Muslim, Ahmad). 

Another hadith states, “A person who leaves 3 Friday prayers consecutively, Allah puts a seal on his heart.” (Ahmad, Tirmizi, abu Dawud).

IMPORTANCE OF CLEANLINESS FOR FRIDAY PRAYER

    Because in Friday Prayer a comparatively large number of Muslims gather in a big place, so , lslam emphasizes on the physical cleanliness as well. Prophet (saw) said, “A person who has a bath on Friday, cleanses himself fully, uses oil and perfume; then goes to the mosque early in the afternoon and takes his place quietly without pushing or disturbing people; then he prays (optional prayer as much as he was able to pray); then sits quietly listening to the Khutbah, he will be forgiven his sins between this Jumah and the next Jumah.” (Bukhari).

IMPORTANCE OF GOING EARLY TO FRIDAY PRAYER

On Friday it is more rewarding to get ready quickly to go to the Mosque.

Abu Hurairah (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “On Friday the Angels stand outside the door of the mosque and write down the names of the people in the order in which they enter the mosque for Friday prayer. The first group of people who enter the mosque get the reward equivalent to that of sacrificing a camel, the people who enter the mosque after them get the reward equivalent to that of sacrificing a cow. The people who enter the mosque after them get the reward equivalent to that of sacrificing a ram and the people who follow on likewise get this reward of a Chicken, egg and so on there is a gradation of rewards for the people as they enter. The angels keep writing the names of the people as they enter the mosque until the Imam sits down to give Khutbah. Then the angels collect their registers and sit and listen to the Khutbah.” (Bukhari, Muslim).

PRAYER BEFORE JUMAH

A person who goes to attend Friday prayer can pray as many nafls as he wishes after the sun has declined from its zenith to when the Imam comes to give Khutbah. Anyhow he is expected to pray at least 2 rakats sunnat.

LISTENING TO KHUTBAH (SERMON)

Once the Khutbah starts, the whole congregation should listen to it in silence. If a person arrives while the Imam is giving Khutbah then this person should pray 2 rakats nafl before sitting down to listen to Khutbah.

Jabir (ra) said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said while he was giving Khutbah:

“If anyone of you goes to attend the Friday Prayer while the Imam is delivering Khutbah he should pray 2 rakats and should not make them long.” (Muslim)

There is another hadith. Jabir (ra) says that once a man, came to Friday Prayer while the Messenger of Allah (saw) was delivering Khutbah, so Allah’s messenger (saw) asked him, “Did you pray?”“No”, he answered. Then Prophet (saw) said to him, “Stand up and pray .” (Bukhari, Muslim)

It is a continuous practice in some mosques that those who arrive while the Imam is giving speech sit down and listen to the speech. When the Imam has finished the speech he gives time to the late arrivals to pray 2 or 4 rakats sunnat. After that the Imam gives a short Khutbah in Arabic before praying the Judah Prayer.

Some people get very annoysed if they see a person offer 2 rakats sunnat, while the imam is giving speech. They feel that the person is being disrespectful to the Imam. This is incorrect andunproved from the practice of Prophet Muhammad (saw)It is also against those hadiths which we mentioned above and the one we are mentioning below.

Abl Qatadah (ra) says that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “Whenever one of you enters the mosque he should not sit down without offering 2 rakats.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

These hadiths clarify the points which are erroneously practiced above.

The Imams and ulamas who have even a slight fear of Allah and respect for hadith and the sunnat of Prophet Muhammad (saw) should top this practice and should not become annoyed when others pray 2 rakats.

ACTUAL JUMAH PRAYER

Jumah Prayer is 2 rakats fard. It a person is late and finds only 1 rakat with the congregation he should complete the second rakat alone. If a person arrives late that he misses the Jumah prayer completely then he has to offer 4 rakat fard of Zuhr prayer. The Jumah prayer is replacement of Zuhr prayer but the Imam has to recite Q’irat aloud in Jumah Prayer.

PRAYER AFTER JUMAH

After the Jumah Prayer 2 rakats of sunnat prayer is an authentically proved practice of Prophet Muhammad (saw) but some companions used to pray 4 or 6 rakats sunnat after the Jumah Prayer.

Ibn Umar (ra) says that the Messenger of Allah (saw) did not pray after the Friday prayer until he went home and then he prayed 2 rakats. (Bukhari, Muslim).

Abu Hurairah (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “Anyone of you who is going to pray after the Friday prayer, he should pray 4 rakats.” (Muslim)

Ata says: ‘Whenever Abdullah ibn Umar (ra) prayed Jumah in Makkah, he would move a little forward after the Jumah prayer and offer 2 rakats; then he would move a little forward again and offer 4 rakats. And whenever he prayed Jumah in Madinah he did not pray in the Mosque after the Jumah prayer until he went back home; then he prayed 2 rakats. When he was asked why he did not pray in the mosque after the Jumah prayer, He answered, “This was the practice of Prophet Muhammad (saw) “

These hadiths Clarify that 2, 4 or 6 rakats (an be offered after the Jumah prayer according to the time and capacity of the person. It is not good practice to accuse people who read 2 rakats only because this, too, was the authentic practice of Prophet Muhammad (saw).

Friday is a good day

by Abu Hudhayfa

Praise be to Allaah.

Yes, Friday is a good day; there are many ahaadeeth, which speak of its virtues.
There are many acts of worship which are prescribed for the Muslim to do on this day. These include:

1  Salaat al-Jumu?ah (Friday prayer)
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on Friday (Jumu?ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu?ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!?[al-Jumu?ah 62:9]

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Zaad al-Ma?aad (1/376):

Friday prayer is one of the most important obligations in Islam, and one of the greatest gatherings of the Muslims. Gathering on Friday is more important and more obligatory than any other gathering apart from ?Arafah. Whoever neglects it, Allaah will place a seal on his heart.

It was narrated from Abu?l-Ja?d al-Damari ? who was a companion of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ? that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ?Whoever neglects three Jumu?ahs, Allaah will place a seal on his heart.?

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1052; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 928

It was narrated from ?Abd-Allaah ibn ?Umar and Abu Hurayrah that they heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say on the minbar:

Let people stop neglecting Jumu?ah, or Allaah will place a seal on their hearts, then they will be among those who are neglectful.? Narrated by Muslim, 865.

2  Making a lot of duaa.

On this day there is a time when a person?s Lord will answer his du?aa? ? by Allaah?s leave.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) mentioned Friday and said: ?On this day there is a time when no Muslim stands and prays, asking Allaah for something, but Allaah will grant him it? ? and he gestured with his hands to indicate how short that time is. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 893; Muslim, 852

3  Reading Soorat al-Kahf.

It was narrated from Abu Sa?eed al-Khduri that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ?Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on Friday, he will be illuminated with light between the two Fridays.? Narrated by al-Haakim; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 836

4  Sending a lot of blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet will be blown; and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown to me.? They said, ?O Messenger of Allaah, how will our blessings upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?? He said, ?Allaah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, peace be upon them.?

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1047; classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Qayyim in his comments on Sunan Abi Dawood, 4/273; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 925.

He said in Awn al-Mabood:

Friday is singled out because it is the best of days and the chosen day. So there is an advantage to sending blessings upon him on that day that is not present on any other day.

Along with these virtues and acts of worship, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade singling out Friday for fasting, or singling out the night of Friday for doing acts of worship that are not narrated in sharee?ah.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Do not single out the night of Friday for qiyaam al-layl, and do not single out the day of Friday for fasting, unless that is part of the habitual fasting of any one of you.?(Narrated by Muslim, 1144).

Al-Sanaani said in Subul al-Salaam:

This hadeeth indicates that it is haraam to single out the night of Friday for worship or reading Qur?aan that is not one?s regular custom, apart from that which is indicated in the texts, such as reading Soorat al-Kahf.

Al-Nawawi said:

This hadeeth clearly states that it is forbidden to single out the night of Friday for prayer or the day of Friday for fasting. It is agreed (among the scholars) that this is makrooh.

He also said:

The scholars said that the reason why it is forbidden to single out Friday for fasting is that Friday is a day of du?aa?, dhikr and worship, such as ghusl, going early to the prayer, waiting for the prayer, listening to the khutbah and reciting a lot of dhikr afterwards, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

Then when the (Jumu?ah) Salaah (prayer) is ended, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allaah (by working), and remember Allaah much?[al-Jumu?ah 62:10]

And there are other acts of worship to be done on this day. So it is preferable not to fast then, as this will help a person to perform these duties in an energetic manner and enjoy them without feeling bored or tired. This is like the pilgrim on the day of ?Arafah in ?Arafah, because the Sunnah is for him not to fast on that day for the same reason? This is the reason for not allowing singling out Friday for  fasting. And it was said that the reason is so that people will not go to extremes in venerating it as happened in the case of Saturday. But this view is weak, because on that day we offer Jumuah prayer and do other acts of worship which are a kind of veneration. And it was said that the reason for its prohibition is so that people would not think that this was obligatory. This is also a weak view because it is encouraged to fast on Mondays and there was no fear that anyone would think it was obligatory. No attention should be paid to this far-fetched view. The same argument is applicable in the case of fasting the day of Arafah and the day of Ashoora, etc. The correct view is that which we have stated above.

And Allaah knows best.