Ghusl when entering Makkah
When the pilgrim approaches Makkah, he should do ghusl before entering, if possible, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did ghusl before entering Makkah.
Narrated by Muslim, 1259.
Then he should enter al-Masjid al-Haraam with his right foot first, and say,
بسم اللهِ، وَالصَّلاةُ وَالسَّلامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ الله
“Bismillaah wa’l-salaatu wa’l-salaam ‘ala Rasool-Allaah.
In the name of Allaah, and blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allaah.
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ
Allaahumma ighfir li dhunoobi waftah li abwaab rahmatika.
O Allaah, forgive me my sins and open to me the gates of Your mercy.
أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
A’oodhu Billaah il-‘Azeem wa bi wajhih il-kareem wa bi sultaanih il-‘qadeem min al-Shaytaan il-rajeem
I seek refuge with Allaah the Almighty and in His noble Countenance and His eternal power from the accursed Satan
Then he should go to the Black Stone in order to start tawaaf…
He should touch the Stone with his right hand and kiss it; if he cannot kiss it then he should touch it with his hand and kiss his hand. If he cannot touch it with his hand then he should face the Stone and point to it with his hand and say
“Allaahu akbar”, but he should not kiss his hand. There is a great deal of virtue in touching the Black Stone, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Allaah will raise up the Black Stone on the Day of Resurrection and it will have two eyes with which it will see and a tongue with which it will speak, and it will bear witness for those who touched it in sincerity.”
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1144.
It is better not to crowd around and cause annoyance to people or be annoyed by them, because of the hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to ‘Umar:
“O ‘Umar, you are a strong man, do not crowd around the Stone and disturb the weak. If you find space, then touch it, otherwise just face it and say
Narrated by Ahmad, 191; classed as qawiy by al-Albaani in Risaalat Manaasik al-Hajj wa’l-‘Umrah, p. 21.
Then he should move towards the right, with the Ka’bah on his left, and when he reaches the Yemeni Corner (al-Rukn al-Yamaani, which is the third corner after the Black Stone) he should touch it, without kissing his hand or saying
“Allaahu akbar”. If he cannot touch it then he should move on, and not crowd around it. Between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone he should say,
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
“Rabbanaa aatina fi’l-dunya hasanah wa fi’l-aakhirah hasanah wa qinna ‘adhaab al-Naar
(Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire).”
Narrated by Abu Dawood and classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 1666.
Every time he passes the Black Stone he should face it and say
‘Allaahu akbar’, and in the rest of his tawaaf he should recite whatever he likes of dhikr, du’aa’ and Qur’aan, because tawaaf around the Ka’bah has been established for the remembrance of Allaah.