Abu Bakr As~Siddiq R.A.
He is ‘Abdullah bin Abi Quhafah.
Mus’ab ibn Az-Zubayr said: “The Ummah is agreed on naming him As-Siddiq.”
The incidence which gave him this nickname is reported from ‘ A’.ishah R.A. “The disbelievers came to Abu Bakr, Allah be pleased with him, and they said: ‘What do you have to say about yow· Companion, he claims that he was taken by night to Bait Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem).’ Abu Bakr said, ‘did he say that to you?’ They replied, ‘Yes (he did)’ He said, ‘He is telling the truth. I have believed him in what is even more distant (to reason) than that, of divine information.’ It is because of this he was named As-Siddiq.”
He was born two years and some months after the birth of the Prophet (S.A.W.). Imam Al-Nawawfi (Allah have mercy on him) said: “He was from the chiefs of the Quraish in Jahiliyyahand one of their consultants. He was loved by them and was the most learned. So when Islam came, it affected him more than anything else and he entered in to it completely.”
His Uprightness in Jahiliyyah
‘A’ishah R.A. said: “By Allah, never did Abu Bakr chant poehy, whether in Islam or inJahiliyyah. He and Uthma.n abhorred drinking intoxicants in Jahilliyah.” She also said: “Abu Bakr had made intoxicants forbidden for himself even in Jahilliyah.”
His Acceptance of Islam
Abu Bakr was the first to accept Islam among the men, ‘Ali was the first among the children, and Khadijah was the first to become Muslim among the women.
The virtues of As-Siddiq are indeed so copious that enumerating them would be difficult. We will however mention a few of them:
1. Allah says: “The second of two, when they (Muhammad and Abu Bakr, were in the cave, and he said to his companion Abu Bakr R.A.: ‘Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us.”‘ (At-Tawbah: 42)
Abu Bakr ~, also reported: “I said to the Prophet S.A.W. while we were in the cave: ‘If any of them should look under his feet, he would see us.’ He said, ‘0 Abu Bakr! What do you think of two (persons) the third of whom is Allah?'”
2. The first to pray with the Prophet: It is reported from Zayd ibn Al-Arqam R.A., that he said: “The first person to pray with the Prophet (S.A.W.) was Abu Bakr As-Siddiq.”
3. Allah’s emancipated (slave) from the Fire:
‘A’ishah R.A., reported: “Abu Bakr once entered upon the Messenger (S.A.W.) and he said, ‘You are the emancipated of Allah from the Fire’ and since that day he was known as the Emancipated (Atiq).”
4. The chiefs of the middle-aged of Paradise:
‘Ali R.A. reported that the Prophet (S.A.W.) said: “Abu Bakr and ‘Umar will be the chiefs of the middle-aged inhabitants of Paradise, of those who belonged to the earliest and latest times, except the prophets and messengers.”
5. ‘Abdullah bin Hantab ~’ reported: “The Prophet (S.A.W.) saw Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and said: ‘These two are to me (like) hearing and sight.”‘
6. Ahmad and others reported that ‘Ali R.A. said: “The best of this Ummah after its Prophet is Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.”
Imam Adh-Dhahabi said: “This is profusely reported from ‘Ali, so may the curse of Allah be upon the Rafidhah over what they are ignorant of (that they say).”
SPARKLING DISPLAYS OF FAITH FROM HIS LIFE
First Display: A man who announced his faith
While many of the Companions of the Prophet (S.A.W.) would conceal their faith till (the time) Allah established for them their religion, which He had chosen for them, Abu Bakr R.A.,demonstrated an unmatched boldness in announcing his faith even though the nonbelievers hated it.
The following incident is worth mentioning: From’ Ali R.A. who said: “I once saw the Prophet being held by the Quraish. They shook him violently while they were saying:’ Are you the one who made the gods into one?’ By Allah no one came close (to help the Prophet) amongst us except Abu Bakr R.A., and he retorted: ‘Woe be to you, would you kill a man just for saying his Lord is Allah?”‘
Then ‘Ali R.A., raised an outer garment that was on him and he cried till his beard was soaked. Then he said: “I adjure you for the sake of Allah, is the believer of the people of Fir’ awn better than Abu Bakr?” Then the people became silent. He said: “Won’t you answer me? By Allah, an hour (in the worship of Allah) of Abu Bakr is better than one thousand hours (spent in worship) by the believer of the people of Fir’awn. He was a man who concealed his faith and here is a man (Abu Bakr) who announced his faith.”
Second Dispay: The Day of Badr
Ibn Asakir reported from Ibn Sirin that’ Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr was with the non-believers on the Day of Badr. When he became a Muslim, he said to his father: “You were exposed to me on the Day of Badr and I turned away from you, I did not kill you.” Abu Bakr R.A., said: “As for me, if you were exposed to me, I would not have turned away from you.”
In this phase, the greatness of the faith of Abu Bakr R.A. exemplified by the depth of his truthfulness and sincerity in preferring the love of Allah and His Messenger above everything else besides them.
The Prophet (S.A.W.) said: “None of you truly believes until I am more beloved to him than himself, his children, his family and all the people in entirety.”
Abu Ya’qub An-Nahjuri said: “Everyone who claims to love Allah but does not accept His Commands, then his claim is false. Every beloved who does not fear Allah, is a deceiver.”
Third Display: The Day the Prophet Died
It is reported from Ibn Abbas ~’ that when the Prophet (S.A.W.) died, Abu Bakr went out while ‘Umar was speaking to the people. Abu Bakr said to him: “Sit down 0 ‘Umar,” but ‘Umar refused to sit. Abu Bakr repeated, “Sit down 0 ‘ Umar.” So the people came to Abu Bakr and left ‘ Umar. Abu Bakr R.A., said, “To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhanm1ad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah says: ‘Muhammad is no more than a Messenger and indeed (many) messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers) and he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.”‘ (Aal-Imran:144)
Ibn Abbas ~ said: “By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this verse before, till Abu Bakr recited it and all the people took it from him, and I heru·d everybody reciting it (then).”
Ibn Shihab said: “Sa’eed bin Al-Musayyab told me that ‘Umar·, Allah be pleased with him, said, ‘By Allah, when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me and I fell down at the very moment of hearing him reciting it, declaring that the Prophet (S.A.W.) had died.”‘
Others were: –
a) He fought the apostates who abandoned Zakah after the death of the Prophet S.A.W., recognizing the importance of the Pillars of Islam.
b) Compilation of Quran:
Abu Ya’la also reported from ‘Ali R.A., who said: “The one who has the greatest reward amongst the people is Abu Bakr. He was the first to compile the Quran between two slates.”
His Spending in the Path of Allah
The occurrence of his spending are many, they include:
1. Regarding the statement of Allah: “And Al-Muttaqun (the pious and righteous) will be far removed from it (Hell). He who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification and have in his mind no favor from anyone for which a reward is expected in return except only the desire to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High. He surely will be pleased (when he will enter Paradise.” (AJ-Layl:17-21)
Imam Al-Qurtubi said: “The majority opinion is that the Surah (chapter) was revealed about Abu Bakr.” What feat is greater than this? Which merit is more precious than this?
From Ibn Abbas R.A., who said: “The nonbelievers tortured Bilal and he kept saying: ‘Ahad,Ahad‘ (i.e. there is only One God).
Then the Prophet (S.A.W.) passed by him and said (to him): ‘Ahad, that is, Allah (alone) will save you.’ Then the Prophet (S.A.W.) said to Abu Ba.kr: ‘0 Abu Bakr, Bilal is being tortured because of Allah.’ Abo Bakr knew what the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) intended. He went to his house and took two measures of gold and headed to Umayyah bin Khalaf, Bilal’s master. He said to him, ‘Would you sell Bilal to me?’ He said ‘Yes.’ So he bought Bilal and freed him.”
2. Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) said, “No one has helped me without my reciprocating it, except for Abu Bakr, who has given me help, which Allah will reciprocate to him on the Day of Resurrection. No one’s property has benefited me to the extent of Abu Bakr’s.”
3. From ‘Umar ibn AI-Khattab R.A. who said: ” Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) commanded us to give sadaqah, and it applied to my property. I said: ‘Today I shall better Abu Bakr. I have never bettered him.’ Then I brought half my property. The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said: ‘What did you leave for your family?’ I said: ‘An amount like this.’ Abu Bakr came with all his property, and the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) asked: ‘What did you leave for your· family?’ He said: ‘I have left Allah and His Messenger.’ Then I said: ‘I shall never better you in anything.”‘
His Advice to ‘Umar on His Deathbed
Abdul’ Rahman ibn ‘ Abdullah ibn Sabit said: “When death approached Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, he called ‘Umcu· and said to him: ‘Fear Allah, 0 ‘Umar, and you should know that Allah hasrecommended some actions for the daytime, He will not accept that you do them at night. He has deeds for the night and will not accept that you do them in the daytime. He will not accept voluntary y acts til you fulfill the obligatory duties. Allah will make heavy the scale of whoever fills it on the Day of Judgment with their following the truth in this world. The scale that is filled with the truth (today), will be heavy (tomorrow).
‘The scale (of good deeds) will be light for whosoever fills it with following the falsehood in this world. The scale in which falsehood is placed will be light tomorrow. Allah mentions the
people of Paradise and mentions them with the best of their· deeds and overlooks their evil deeds. When I remember them, I say: I am afraid, I may not catch up with them. Allah also mentions the people of Hellfire and He mentions them with the evilest of their deeds and their best deeds will be rejected. When I remember them, I say: I wish I am not runong these people. ‘A servant should be hopeful and fearful, not too confident and not despairing of the mercy of Allah. If you keep to my advice, nothing will be more beloved to you than death and certainly it will soon come to you. If you disregarded my advice, nothing will be more hateful to you than death and you cannot prevent it.”‘
Final Moments of His Life
‘A’ishah said: “When Abu Bakr became sick, prior to his death, he said, ‘Check what has increased in my wealth since I came to power, and hand it over to the Khalifah after me.’ So we
checked and found nothing but a slave that carried children for him and a camel that waters his garden, and we took them to ‘Umar.” ‘A’ishah, also said: “My grandfather told me that ‘Umar
wept [when he received those items], he said: ‘May Allah’s mercy be upon Abu Bakr, he has put his successor in a very straitened situation.”‘
From’ A’ishah who said: “When death approached Abu Bakr, he asked: ‘What day is this?’ They replied: ‘Monday.’ Then he said: ‘If I die this night, do not delay me till tomorrow for the most beloved day and night is the one that is closest to the Messenger of Allah (i.e. the day of his death).”‘ From Ubadah ibn Qays, who said: “When Abu Bakr approached death, he said to ‘A’ishah: ‘Wash these two clothes of mine and shroud me in them for your father is either of two men – either he is clothed in the best of dress or he is disrobed in the worst possible form.”
Source: LearnIslam Courses