A detailed look at meaning of Eid

It is a day in which there is a gathering. The word being derived from ‘aada-ya ‘oodu he returned, he is returning, as if they are returning to it i.e. ‘Eid. It is also said that the word is derived from ‘aadah custom/habit, because they have become accustomed to it. The plural of it being ‘Ayaad. It is also said: “‘Ayaadal Muslimoon” the Muslims celebrate ‘Eid, meaning they witnessed their ‘Eid.

Ibn-ul- ‘Arabee said: “‘Eid was named ‘Eid because it returns every year with renewed happiness.”8

The renowned scholar Ibn ‘Aabideen said: “‘Eid was titled by this name because in it is the customary beneficence of Allaah, the Most High, i.e. various forms of kindness that return, everyday upon His servants. From these are: “Fitr” (eating) after food had been prohibited, Sadaqatul-Fitr, completion of the Hajj by the Tawaf of visiting, the meat from the sacrifices and many other acts. Also because the custom in ‘Eid is joy, happiness, cheer fulness and gladness.”9

The Mercy of Allaah for the Prophetic Ummah by the two Eeds

Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (SAW) came to Madeenah and the people of Madeenah had, in Jaahileeyah two days for play and amusment10. So the Prophet (SAW) said: ‘I came to you and you had, in Jaahileeyah two days for play and amusement. Indeed Allaah has replaced them for you by that which is better than them: The dav of Nahr (Slaughteung) and the day of Fitr (Breaking fast).'”11

Shaikh Ahmad ‘Abdur-Rahmaan al-Banaa said: “That is because the two days, the day of al-Fitr and of an-Nahr are from the legislation of Allaah, the Most High, His choice for His creation and because they succeed the performance of two great pillars of Islaam – which are, the Hajj and Fasting. In them Allaah forgives the pilgrims and those who fast and spreads His Mercy over all of His obedient creation. As for the days Niarooz and Mahrajaan, then they were chosen by the wise men of that era, either because of the mildness of climate and season or because of other transitory virtues. Thus the difference between them is clear for one who contemplates.”12

Adornment / Beautification for ‘Eid

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “‘Umar (may’ Allaah be pleased with him) bought a silk outer-garment that was being sold in the market. He came to the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) and said, ‘Take this garment, to adorn (yourself) with on ‘Eid and for meeting delegations with. Allah’s Messenger saas replied, ‘lndeed this is the garment of one who has no share of the Hereafter. ‘Umar ra remained as long as Allah willed him to remain and then left. Then the Messenger of Allaah saas sent to him a silk garment. So ‘Umar came with it to the Messenger of Allaah saas and said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! you said indeed this is the garment of one who has no share of the Hereafter but you sent this garment to me!’ So the Messenger of Allaah saas said. ‘Sell it and fulfill your needs with its profit ‘”17

Imaam as-Sindee said: “From the hadeeth it is known that beautification for the day of ‘Eid was an established custom amongst them (the Companions) and the Prophet (SAW) did not disapprove of it. Consequently it is known that the custom remained.”18

Haafidh Ibn Hajr said: “Ibn Abee Dunyah and al-Baihaqee reported, with an authentic chain of narration to Ibn ‘Umar that he used to wear his best clothes for the ‘Eids.”19

He also said: “The inference of proof is from the Prophet’s saas approving ‘Umar on the basic principle of beautifying for the day of juma ‘ah and his restricting his censure to wearing such a garment because it was made of silk.” 20

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughnee (2/228): “This shows that beautifying, in this circumstance was a well known fact to them. Maalik said: ‘I heard the people of knowledge deeming the preferability of wearing perfume and of beautifying in the ‘Eids.”‘

Ibn al-Qayyim said in Zaad-ul-Ma’aad (1/441): “He (SAW) would wear his best clothes when proceeding to the two ‘Eids and the day of jum ‘ah. On one occasion he wore a green burdah and on another a red Burdah;21,22 but not one that was solely red as some people may think. For if that was the case it would no longer be called a Burdah. Rather it had red thread like the thread of Yemanee Burdah.”

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1 Comment

  1. Pingback: Eid al Fitr- What will you do? | UMKHALOODIE

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